The Olimpiysky National Sports Complex (also known as Olympic Stadium, Republican Stadium or Central Stadium; Ukrainian: 'Natsional’nyj sportyvnyj kompleks "Olimpiys'kyj") is a multi-use sports facility in Kiev, Ukraine, located on the slopes of city's central Cherepanov Hill. Its stadium is the premier sports venue of Ukraine and one of the world's largest. The complex also has several other various sports facilities. It will host the final of Euro 2012.
Alekseevsky Park in early 1923. The territory allocated for the stadium was a wasteland in the wake of the chaos following the Russian Revolution of 1917
The construction of a stadium in Kiev was considered as early as 1914, when the city was the commercial center of the Russian Empire's Southwest, and the Empire's third most important city. The plans were abandoned in the Great War. In the following years the city saw much chaos and little order as the wars, revolutions, forces of different states and stateless bands occupied and fought in the city. The Bolshevik government revived the idea as the proposed Red Stadium in 1919, but the resumption of hostilities ended the project prematurely.
The games were opened at the Red Stadium on August 12, 1923.
Many mistakes were made due to the rushed construction. In particular, the stadium was aligned along an east-west axis instead of the standard north-south. So in 1934, as the Ukrainian capital was restored to Kiev, plans were made for a replacement, and in 1936 construction began on a new 50,000-seat stadium, by architect M. I. Grychyna.
A period of political de-Stalinization throughout the Soviet Union followed Joseph Stalin's death in 1953, and the stadium was renamed after Nikita Khrushchev. As the city boomed in the post-war years and its population approached two million, the stadium underwent another major reconstruction in the mid-1960s. In 1966–68 the Kiev Central Stadium, as it was then called, was enlarged to accommodate 100,000 spectators with the addition of a second tier of seating. The expanded complex also included indoor tennis courts, two additional football pitches, several outdoor courts and other arenas, and notably a ski jumping ramp of a rather novel suspended design.
The nearby Kiev Metro station Respublikanskiy Stadion was opened in late 1984.
Olympic Sports Complex
In 1997–99 the stadium was reconstructed again in accordance with FIFA guidelines, and its capacity reduced to 83,450. The stadium is currently used mostly for football matches, including international and high-profile home games of FC Dynamo Kyiv in the Ukrainian Premier League, when a high turnout is expected. However, it is not the official home ground of Dynamo or any other Kiev club, as they all have smaller home stadiums and training bases. The stadium is an official home ground of the Ukraine national football team.
On 18 April 2007, Poland and Ukraine were chosen to host Euro 2012, the finals of the 2012 UEFA European Football Championship, with the Olimpiysky set to host the final. There are plans to refurbish the stadium for the tournament – it should gain a roof and shrink in capacity to 83,300.